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Warsangeli

The Warsangeli (this is the correct term and not Warsangali, Warsengeli, Warsingeli or Uar-Sengeli) is a Somali clan of the Harti group ("Son of Mohamoud Harti"), a part of the Darod clan. In the Somali language Warsangeli means "Bring him good news" or "if you have good news, deliver them to him!"

The Warsangeli live in the area of the Warsangeli Sultanate (in Sanaag and the western portion of Bari in Northern Somalia) and in some parts of Jubbada Hoose. The Warsangeli also have the oldest Sultanate amongst the Somali tribes. Durimng colonial times, the Warsangeli Sultanate was covered by the former British Somaliland.

Contents

1. Citizens of Warsangeli
2. Subclans of the Warsangeli
3. Western Explorers and Warsangeli
4. Noted members
5. See also
6. Further reading
7. References

Citizens of Warsangeli

The citizens of Warsangeli Sultanate are well-known throughout Somalia's history, of being peace loving and politically independent citizens. In the article "Seychellois rekindle ties with Sultan of Somaliland" which was featured on one of the newspapers of the Republic of Seychelles captures a glimpse of this history. It writes, "The Warsengeli Sultanate has been in existence for the last six hundred years."[1] The country of the tribe was recognized in the Arabian Peninsula by whom they named it Makhar or Makhir Coast and the terms are quite territorial but more comparative to the clan than nominal. The country of Warsangeli was considered to be the most commercially valuable region by both the English and Arab traders.[2] The land of Cal Madow which is inside the country of the tribe, is also a chain of stunning mountains that extends to the cities of Bosaso - the capital of the Bari region and Ceerigaabo, the capital of the Sanaag region - in an east-west direction.

Subclans of the Warsangeli

There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures. The divisions and subdivisions as here given are partial and simplified. Many lineages are omitted. [3]

* Reer Garaad
* Aadan Siciid
* Adan Yaqub
* Ahmed Dhegaweyn
* Bah Habar Cismaan
* Bah Habar Xasan
* Bah Idoor
* Bah Ogayslabe
* Bah Yabare
* Bihna Guuleed
* Cawramale
* Cisman Garad
* Colmarabe
* Dubeys
* Garaad Umar
* Garwayne
* Gobyawuud
* Habar Ahmed
* Hinjiye
* Idamoge
* Jibriil Siciid
* Muxumud
* Ogeyslabe
* Nuux Cumar
* Reer Caamir
* Reer Fatah
* Reer Mohamed
* Reer Saalax
* Reer Xaaji
* Reer Yuusuf
* Riighaye
* Siciid Ciise
* Tuure
* Xusein Ciise

The following lineages are no longer existing:
* Waqadsiinye
* Cabdi Cali
* Reer Carab
* Reer Samatar

Western Explorers and Warsangeli

Captain S. B. Miles's "On the Neighbourhood of Bunder Marayah" (1872) describes the clan as people who live by the rule as a peaceable and orderly, and generally loth to shed blood while the Galbedh (Western Somali) tribes were in completely opposite state. Miles, states, "The Gulbedh tribes are much more turbulent and predatory than the 'Makhar', and are in chronic state of warfare and anarchy.[4] In fact, Cruttenden reaffirms similar observations of Miles by stating, "It is worthy of remark that in this tribe, theft is looked upon with abhorrence....To call a man a thief is a deadly insult, to be washed out by blood alone. Pity is that the Somali tribes of Edoor (Isaaq) have not the same prejudice in favour of honesty."[5] Despite the peaceful and orderly nature of Warsangeli, Cruttenden, however, characterized them as "powerful and warlike", which again stresses their portrait of being an independent and peaceful loving citizens of Somalia.

Richard Francis Burton in his book "First Footsteps of East Africa" (1856) lists 18 principle subclans of Warsangeli,[6]

"This extensive branch of the Somal is divided into eighteen principal clans, viz.: 1. Rer Gerad (the royal family). 2. Rer Fatih. 3. Rer Abdullah. 4. Rer Bihidur. 5. Bohogay Salabay. 6. Adan Yakub. 7. Gerad Umar. 8. Gerad Yusuf. 9. Gerad Liban. 10. Nuh Umar. 11. Adan Said. 12. Rer Haji. 13. Dubbays. 14. Warlabah. 15. Bayabarhay. 16. Rer Yasif. 17. Hindudub. 18. Rer Garwayna."

Noted members

  • Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire, Sultan of former British Somaliland (1897-1960)

  • Faarax Maxamed Jaamac Cawl, Garad Abdalle of Warsangali Cumar, Somali writer

  • Abdillahi Mohammed Ahmed, known as Qablan Reer Garaad, Former Under-Secretary for Finance

  • Xasan Xayle, Somali Poet from Las Khorey

Towns

  • Las Khorey
  • Badhan, Sanaag
  • Dhahar, Sanaag
  • Erigavo

Further reading

"Memoir on the Western or Edoor Tribes, Inhabiting the Somali Coast of N.-E. Africa, with the Southern Branches of the Family of Darrood, Resident on the Banks of the Webbe Shebeyli, Commonly Called the River Webbe" by C. J. Cruttenden, Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London Vol. 19 (1849), pp. 49-76

References

  1. ^ Seychellois rekindle ties with Sultan of Somaliland Virtual Seychelles. 10 Oct 2005.
  2. ^ Lieut, Cruttenden. "On Eastern Africa" 8th May 1848. JSTOR
  3. ^ (For a comparison of different views on the clan-lineage-structures see World Bank Group, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, [1], p.56. [N.B.: The previous sub-clan compilation has been continuously updated by scholars of ECOTERRA Intl. as per request of Warsangeli elders and verification runs. In the form presented here the list represents the most comprehensive knowledge base available today.]
  4. ^ Captain S. B. Miles's "On the Neighbourhood of Bunder Marayah"(1872) JSTOR
  5. ^ Cruttenden, C. J. "Memoir on the Western or Edoor Tribes with Southern Branches of the Family of Darrood. London: Royal Geographical Society. Vol. 19 (1849), pp. 49-76
  6. ^ Richard Burton; Lieutenant Speke. First footsteps in East Africa. Retrieved on 2007-05-26. “Diary and Observations Made by Lieutenant Speke, When Attempting to Reach the Wady Nogal."

 

 

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